How does the heart hurt?
The most common reason for the elderly to go to the emergency room is heart pain. If you do not talk about mental trauma, then all the pain can be divided into two categories: angiotic and cardialgia. The first type appears at one of the stages of ischemic disease, that is, when blood flow to special areas of the myocardium is significantly reduced (heart attack, angina). The second type of pain results from an inflammatory disease in the heart region. It appears as a result of congenital heart disease or as a side effect in vegetative-vascular dystonia. So let's consider how to distinguish heartaches.
Where it all begins
The very first symptom of the affected heart is shortness of breath. A person, especially an elderly person, begins to complain that something interferes with his breath, there is a feeling of lack of air. If a person is engaged in physical exertion, then shortness of breath is greatly increased, and at rest, it is significantly weakened. If we talk about the causes of this disease, then most often they are the result of stagnation of blood in the lungs, as well as an increase in pressure inside the pulmonary capillaries.
Increased need for blood flow occurs during physical activity or in a stressful situation. That is why for people suffering from so-called ischemic pain in the heart is most characteristic of the appearance of attacks while walking. You can relieve such pain with nitroglycerin. If you feel a strong enough burning pain in the sternum and in the left part of the body, then this is the main symptom of myocardial infarction. Such pain simple pills do not soothe. Let's try to consider how to understand what hurts the heart.
With the appearance of edema, you can safely ascertain the presence of heart failure. First, they may appear in the lower leg region, then on the ankles. By morning, they will disappear, and by evening they will increase. This is a direct sign of the onset of heart pain.
Heart diseases can be associated with rheumatic pains that occur during inflammation of the outer lining of the heart. Such pains are prolonged and are accompanied by coughing and difficulty breathing. Such pains can pass only after taking pain pills.
In the case when the pain in the heart is significantly increased during the rotation of the body and bending, this indicates the presence of thoracic sciatica.If the pain is strong enough in the intercostal spaces, then this is the initial stage of shingles. If the pain in the heart is of a whining or piercing nature, then this is the first sign of neurosis.
Very often, stress provokes pain in the neck and shoulder area. A man in horror is in a hurry to see a doctor, but he calms him down and says that everything is fine. In fact, in such a situation there is nothing to be afraid of, since the causes of such pains are hidden in muscular convulsions. This has nothing to do with how the heart hurts. It also happens that due to intestinal malfunction, shortness of breath appears, as with pains in the heart. However, such cases are rare, and only a doctor needs to find out if there is a particular heart disease here.
Diagnosis of the disease
It is necessary to make a diagnosis about the presence of a particular disease only after a thorough examination, with a visit to the cardiac surgeon's office and cardiologist. If you have pain in the left side of the chest, then this is the very first symptom of heart disease. You should also worry about your health, if you feel an increased heartbeat, you have loss of consciousness and fainting.
You should also pay attention to the fact that slightly less than half of women do not feel pain in their hearts. Very often, they complain about the pain in the back or chest. This refers to the peculiarities of the female body, therefore, it is not easy to understand what kind of pain in the heart.
Also, in case of neurosis, heart pain is very difficult to distinguish from pain arising from attacks of angina. That is why self-diagnosis is dangerous to health. If you have any heart problems, it is strictly necessary to visit the cardiologist's office and get tested.
A mandatory procedure for treating the heart is an ECG (electrocardiogram). To study whether there is a murmur in the heart, you need to seek help from phonocardiography. Such procedures are possible only if there is a complex apparatus in a medical institution. To exclude the causes of pain "non-cardiac" nature, it is enough to conduct a computer X-ray.
However, as the cardiologists themselves report, the patient, when describing his own heart pains, very often exaggerates the scale of this situation, since very often it turns out that this is far from "heart" pain.
Heart pain treatment
Be sure to remember that you should not treat any heart pain lightly! The first thing to do is to go to the doctor’s office, and only then, with joint efforts, find out the degree of seriousness of the situation. Only a cardiologist can diagnose and prescribe treatment in accordance with it. Sometimes it happens that the course of the usual "manual" therapy is quite enough to get rid of the disease. And sometimes, in order to avoid a fatal attack, it will be necessary to perform an operation.
Carefully monitor your health, as smokers and their relatives are always in the “risk group”. They are several times more likely to suffer from heart disease than people without bad habits. Also, do not work without rest, as this also greatly strains your heart. You need to choose the right mode of work and rest, and then your life will go strictly "according to the schedule."
Thus, if you have pain, the most important thing is to understand how your heart aches, and immediately go to the doctor, and not to self-medicate.
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