How to Calculate Kinetic Energy



How to Calculate Kinetic Energy

Three Parts:

There are two forms of energy: potential and kinetic energy. Potential energy is the energy an object has relative to the position of another object.For example, if you are at the top of a hill, you have more potential energy than if you are at the bottom of the hill. Kinetic energy is the energy an object has when it is in motion.Kinetic energy can be due to vibration, rotation, or translation (movement from one place to another).The kinetic energy of an object can easily be determined by an equation using the mass and velocity of that object.

Steps

Understanding Kinetic Energy

  1. Know the formula for calculating kinetic energy.The formula for calculating kinetic energy (KE) isKE = 0.5 x mv2. Heremstands for mass, the measure of how much matter is in an object, andvstands for the velocity of the object, or the rate at which the object changes its position.
    • Your answer should always be stated in joules (J), which is the standard unit of measurement for kinetic energy. It is equivalent to 1 kg * m2/s2.
  2. Determine the mass of an object.If you are solving a problem where the mass isn’t given, you will have to determine the mass yourself. This can be done by weighing the object on a balance and obtaining the mass in kilograms (kg).
    • Tare the balance. Before you weigh your object, you must set it to zero. Zeroing out the scale is called taring.
    • Place your object in the balance. Gently, place the object on the balance and record its mass in kilograms.
    • If necessary, convert grams to kilograms. For the final calculation, the mass must be in kilograms.
  3. Calculate the velocity of the object.Oftentimes, the problem will give you the velocity of the object. If this is not the case, you can determine the velocity by using the distance an object travels and how long it takes to cover that distance.The units for velocity are meters per second (m/s).
    • Velocity is defined by the equation, displacement divided by time:V = d/t. Velocity is a vector quantity, meaning it has both a magnitude and a direction. Magnitude is the number value that quantifies the speed, while the direction is the direction in which the speed takes place during motion.
    • For example, an object’s velocity can be 80 m/s or -80 m/s depending on the direction of travel.
    • To calculate velocity, simply divide the distance the object traveled by the time it took to travel that distance.

Calculating Kinetic Energy

  1. Write the equation.The formula for calculating kinetic energy (KE) isKE = 0.5 x mv2. Heremstands for mass, the measure of how much matter is in an object, andvstands for velocity of the object, or the rate at which the object changes its position.
    • Your answer should always be stated in joules (J), which is the standard unit of measurement for kinetic energy. It is equivalent to 1 kg * m2/s2.
  2. Plug the mass and velocity into the equation.If you don't know the mass or velocity of the object, then you'll have to calculate it. But let's say that you do know both quantities and are working to solve the following problem:Determine the kinetic energy of a 55 kg woman running with a velocity of 3.87m/s.Since you know the mass and velocity of the woman, you can plug it into the equation:
    • KE = 0.5 x mv2
    • KE = 0.5 x 55 x (3.87)2
  3. Solve the equation.Once you've plugged in the mass and velocity, you can solve for kinetic energy (KE). Square the velocity and then multiply all of the variables together. Remember to state your answer in joules (J).
    • KE = 0.5 x 55 x (3.87)2
    • KE = 0.5 x 55 x 14.97
    • KE = 411.675 J

Using Kinetic Energy to Find Velocity or Mass

  1. Write the equation.The formula for calculating kinetic energy (KE) isKE = 0.5 x mv2. Heremstands for mass, the measure of how much matter is in an object, andvstands for velocity of the object, or the rate at which the object changes its position.
    • Your answer should always be stated in joules (J), which is the standard unit of measurement for kinetic energy. It is equivalent to 1 kg * m2/s2.
  2. Plug in the known variables.In some problems, you may know the kinetic energy and the mass or kinetic energy and velocity. The first step to solving this problem is to plug in all of the variables that are known.
    • Example 1: What is the velocity of an object with a mass of 30 kg and a kinetic energy of 500 J?
      • KE = 0.5 x mv2
      • 500 J = 0.5 x 30 x v2
    • Example 2: What is the mass of an object with a kinetic energy of 100 J and a velocity of 5 m/s?
      • KE = 0.5 x mv2
      • 100 J = 0.5 x m x 52
  3. Rearrange the equation to solve for the unknown variable.Using algebra, you can solve for the unknown variable by rearranging all of the known variables to one side of the equation.
    • Example 1: What is the velocity of an object with a mass of 30 kg and a kinetic energy of 500 J?
      • KE = 0.5 x mv2
      • 500 J = 0.5 x 30 x v2
      • Multiply mass by 0.5: 0.5 x 30 = 15
      • Divide kinetic energy by the product: 500/15 = 33.33
      • Square root to find velocity: 5.77 m/s
    • Example 2: What is the mass of an object with a kinetic energy of 100 J and a velocity of 5 m/s?
      • KE = 0.5 x mv2
      • 100 J = 0.5 x m x 52
      • Square the velocity: 52= 25
      • Multiply by 0.5: 0.5 x 25 = 12.5
      • Divide kinetic energy by product: 100/12.5 = 8 kg

Community Q&A

Search
  • Question
    What is the kinetic energy possessed by a car having a mass of 1500 kg and travelling at a velocity of 50 km/h?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Recalulate 50 km/h into m/s which is 13.889 m/s; then apply the formula: KE = 0.5 * 1500kg * (13.889 m/s)^2 = 144678 J => appr. 145 kJ
    Thanks!
  • Question
    If mass and velocity of body is doubled how can I figure out the change in kinetic energy?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    The formula given for K.E. is K.E. = 0.5m(v^2). Doubling mass gives m = 2m. Doubling velocity gives v^2 = (2v)^2 =4v^2. Which makes K.E. 4 x 2 = 8 times bigger in total.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    What if the amount is in grams?
    Community Answer
    If it's in grams, you'll have to convert it to kilograms by dividing it by 1000. For example, 100g becomes 0.1kg, and 3g becomes 0.003kg.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    What is the force of a mass dropped from a height?
    Community Answer
    A mass dropped from a height will be in freefall. The force will be its weight, mg, where g = 9.81 m/s^2.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Why is it that the example in our textbook is ke=1/2 mv^2?
    Community Answer
    Because 0.5 and 1/2 are equal. (mv^2)/2 would also be the same equation.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    When do I use KJ in K.E?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    You use KJ in K.E. when the answer is bigger than 1000 J. 1000 J is the same as 1 KJ. So for example when the answer is 2635 J, you could write this down as K.E. = 2.635 KJ, or approximately 2.6 KJ.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I calculate the potential energy of a falling mass?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Falling mass is purely kinetic. The potential energy is 0. Since potential and kinetic are opposites, when one is maxed, the other is 0. So, when the object is at its fastest speed, there is no potential energy.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    If a 100-kilogram crate is dropped into the sea from a height of 2 meters, what is the kinetic energy?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    The law of conservation of energy shows us that the maximum amount of energy at any point will not change regardless of how much of each type of energy is present, so if at maximum height, where only potential energy is present we calculate the energy as (100)(2)(-10)= 2000J, then the kinetic energy at max or right before the crate hits the water will also be 2000J.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I calculate momentum?
    Shahzaib Arain
    Community Answer
    Momentum of any body can be defined as the product of Mass of that body to the its velocity. Momentum is identified by symbol P so P=m*v.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I convert km/h into m/s?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    1 km/h is equal to 0.277778 m/s. So you should be able to just multiply your km/h by 0.277778.
    Thanks!
Unanswered Questions
  • How do I calculate kinetic energy?
  • Why can't I equate it with mc^2?
  • How do I calculate Kinetic energy if i only know the masses and their relative velocity?
  • How do I calculate kinetic energy?
  • How do l find a change in kinetic energy in momentum?
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Quick Summary

To calculate kinetic energy, write out a formula where kinetic energy is equal to 0.5 times mass times velocity squared. Add in the value for the mass of the object, then the velocity with which it is moving. Solve for the unknown variable. Your answer should be stated in joules, or J.

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Date: 05.12.2018, 21:15 / Views: 45182