How to choose the perfect dishwasher for the apartment?
If you decide to always forget about washing dishes, then get a dishwasher, which will perform all the "dirty" work for you. But in order not to be mistaken and not regret the purchase, find out some features of the choice of such a device.
How to make the right choice?
So, how to choose a dishwasher for an apartment? There are several important points to pay attention to.
By type of accommodation, all dishwashers can be divided into two types:
- Stand-alone. They are placed on the surface (for example, on the floor or on a table) and usually take up a lot of space, so they are not like for small kitchens.
- Embedded models - the most convenient option, especially for small spaces. The built-in machine can be placed in the kitchen set and hidden, which will make it almost invisible.
Dimensions also matter, and they will depend on the area of the kitchen. Available options:
- Full-size dishwashers take up a lot of space. In height, they reach 80-90 centimeters, and in width - 60 centimeters. They are designed for washing large volumes of dishes.
- A narrow machine is a more convenient option. Its width is only 40-50 centimeters, and its height is about 85 centimeters. Such a device can be placed near the wall, and it will not interfere.
- For a small-sized kitchen is better to buy a compact model, which is also called the desktop. Its height usually does not exceed 50 centimeters, and its width is 45-50 cm. Such a device can be placed on a table or a cabinet. But it is worth remembering that in one wash cycle such a machine can “overpower” a small amount of dishes.
Loading is the amount of dishes that the device can clean in one cycle. Typically, compact machines have a load of no more than 4 sets, medium-sized devices at a time can wash up to 6-8 sets. But full-size dishwashers have a maximum load, that is, they can ensure the purity of as many as 14-17 sets. For a large family it is better to choose a device with a rather large load.
Hot water or cold?
Most dishwashers are connected to the cold water main and it heats up during operation. This option is more convenient, but less economical in terms of electricity consumption, which will be spent on heating water. But if the dishwasher is connected to hot water, then with its periodic shutdowns, the device simply will not be able to work. But this option is, of course, more economical.
The quality of washing depends on several factors. The first is the quality of water, but it does not depend on the operation of the device itself. The second is the number of nozzles, as well as the direction of the jets. The more nebulizers and directions, the more quality will be the removal of contaminants.
In addition, a large number of jets directed in different directions will make it possible to process all areas of each device, including hard-to-reach ones. But it is extremely important that the individual jets do not intersect and interrupt each other, this is what all manufacturers are striving for.
The quality of washing is determined by classes. They are denoted by Latin letters A, B, C, D and E. Class A is the highest, that is, the device will provide perfect cleansing and preservation.dishes The last class E is the lowest.
There are two options for drying. The first is condensation. The dishes get hot water, which gradually evaporates. Condensate flows along the walls and is placed in a special container, after which it is removed.
In conventional drying, a stream of air is supplied to the dishes, which ensures complete drying. The first option is more economical, but less convenient, since the dishes will dry for quite some time. Convention drying is carried out quickly, but the electricity consumption will be high.
The quality of drying is also determined by the classes. The first class is full drying. Dishes after washing will be perfectly dry. The middle classes assume the possibility of water droplets on the surface of the instruments. And dishwashers of the last classes can not produce drying at all or produce it inferior and poor quality.
Capacity for dishes
The configuration and size of the container for dishes also have a direct impact on the quality of washing. All baskets are made of stainless steel, which protects them from corrosion. Most models have two capacities: for small appliances and for large ones.Some machines include removable holders or shelves for knives, forks and glasses. The height of the installation baskets in various devices can be adjusted.
Before you buy the appliance, find out what product can be used during washing. Some models involve the use of liquid means, in others you can pour powder only, and to use the third you will have to buy special pills. But there are models that allow the use of all types of tools.
There are several classes of energy consumption, they are denoted by Latin letters from A to G. The first classes assume high savings and minimal power consumption. Classes D and E are average profitability, and F and G - the almost complete lack of savings.
The most economical cars in one wash spend about 15 liters of water. Models with an average economy are used for a full cycle of 15 to 20 liters. But the least economical machines can spend about 20-30 liters. If the appliance is purchased for a private house that does not have a central water supply,it is better to choose the most economical model.
Many dishwashers work quite noisy. But there are models with minimal noise. Of course, the latter will cost much more.
Today there are two options: electromechanical control or automatic. In the first case, you will have to set certain washing parameters, such as water temperature, head, time and so on. And with automatic control, you only need to select the mode.
Some modern models are characterized by increased safety and have the function of protection from leaks. If the water level is exceeded, the device will automatically turn off.
When studying the characteristics of the dishwasher, pay special attention to the available modes. Their number can vary from 3 to 24. The most common are: daily washing, fast washing, intensive, delicate, economical, pre-soaking, variable washing, incomplete loading, and so on.
Some devices have a number of additional and sometimes very useful functions:
- Determination of the degree of contamination.
- Determination of detergent.
- Child protection (blocking).
- Internal lighting of the case.
- Indicator of work. It shows the selected mode, the parameters, as well as the washing step.
- Sound accompaniment. The signal will alert the end of the wash.
- Delayed launch.
- Sensors of water purity.
The cost of devices varies from 10 to 30-50 thousand rubles.
What to buy?
The most popular brands of dishwashers are Zanussi, Ariston, Whirpool, Indesit, Ardo, BEKO, Candy, Bosch, Hansa, DeLonghi and others.
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