How to make an attic?

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How to make an attic?

A good addition to a private house is the attic. Such a building not only expands the functional space and allows you to get an extra room, or even a few, but also allows you to enjoy the beautiful view that opens from the upper floors of the house. In order to build a loft, you can contact the experts, and you can cope on their own. To make an attic, you must follow a specific procedure.

Preliminary preparation

Before proceeding directly to the construction, it is necessary to consult with experts or watch a video that gives detailedAtticinstructions on how to make an attic. It is also necessary to remember that any type of construction, be it a mansard roof or a country house, needs a project plan.

The preparatory stage includes a thorough analysis of the layout of the main building, determining the size and geometric shape of the future structure. Mansard roof can be either symmetrical or asymmetrical in shape, be located along the entire length of the building, or occupy only a part.The optimal parameters of the attic are the following parameters: width more than 5 m, height 2 m.

Materials

For the manufacture of attic most often used wooden beams, rafters of coniferous wood. Experts recommend using for the construction of parallel bars with a cross section of 50 to 150 cm.

Stages of construction

  • Assembly and installation of the frame.
  • Floor screed.
  • Attic insulation.
  • Installation of the roof and windows.
  • Interior finish.

Frame construction

During the construction of the frame must strictly observe the sequence of work -Atticfirst secure the frame beams with anchors and wire twists, then install stepped slopes. After that, you can proceed to the construction of the end walls. Next, to make the attic ceiling, you need to take care of thermal insulation and waterproofing of the ceiling.

Floor attic

To make the floor in the attic, you need to consider a few important points. Most often, the floor is insulated with thick sheets of foam plastic, on which the reinforcement cage of circular cross section with a diameter of 6 mm is placed. Next you need to make a floor screed.

Attic insulation

If the attic floor is planned to make a living room, then you need to take care of proper weatherization of the walls, roof and floor. Options for thermal insulation materials suitable for work, many, but one of the most popular materials for use is mineral wool.

Minwat has excellent heat and sound insulating qualities. Its disadvantage is sensitivity to moisture, but special membrane films can be used to resolve this issue.Attic

It is recommended to make insulation with a layer of at least 250 mm. For laying insulation material may need an additional frame. In this case, additional beams should be fixed perpendicular to the rafters.

To properly make and insulate the attic, you must use a device of multi-layer construction:

  1. Interior finish.
  2. Steam insulation film.
  3. Thermal insulation.
  4. Waterproofing.
  5. Roof covering.

When constructing an attic, account should be taken of the fact that between the roof and the thermal insulation layer it is necessary to leave a gap of about 5 cm floor.

Roof

Attic

Materials for roof roof mansard:

  • Metal tile;
  • Slate;
  • Decking;
  • Soft tiles;
  • Natural tile.

The choice of roofing material depends on the construction budget and the overall style of the main building.

Window

Skylights play one of the most important roles in the construction of additional functional premises. They are not only a source of lighting, but alsoAtticallow you to get a good panoramic view from the upper floors of the house. Windows can be:

  • Vertical;
  • Inclined or pitched.

The first option requires additional installation of the truss system to install each vertical window. Pitched windows in this case is much more affordable option, besides, there is a huge selection of windows with a variety of decorative elements.

Interior finish

Interior finishing can be carried out with the help of various materials:

  • DSP;
  • Drywall;Attic
  • Plywood sheets;
  • Sandwich panels.

For example, to sheathe the attic with drywall, you need to attach the guides at a distance of 50 cm from each other. Next, you should alternately fasten the sheets of drywall with screws, the distance between the fixings should be 25 cm.If it is necessary to make a double plasterboard plasterboard, the distance between fasteners should be reduced to 10 cm.

It should be remembered that between the sheets of drywall should be left a gap, which is sealed with putty at the end of the work.

Stairs to the attic

To make the stairs to the attic, you need to consider a few important points. It should be remembered that the optimal width of the stairs should be 80-100 cm. AlsoAttichandrails and balusters are important elements of the staircase, the distance between them should be 12 cm. The optimal height for the railing is 90 cm. Care must also be taken of the size of the steps: their height should not exceed 20 cm and the width should be 26 cm.



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