Hypothyroidism: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
In primary hypothyroidism, the patient is disturbed by drowsiness, fatigue, lethargy, weakness, swelling of the limbs and face, arthralgia. Speech becomes slow. The skin dries and becomes yellowish. Tongue thickens, dents from teeth are noticeable along its edges. Hair breaks, falls, body temperature decreases. The patient is experiencing constant chilliness. Muffled heart sounds. The ECG shows changes in the teeth and in the terminal part of the ventricular complex, and low voltage.Secondary hypothyroidism occurs against the loss of several functions of the pituitary gland.
For the correct diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a blood test to determine the level of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. In hypothyroidism, the level of hormones is reduced, and TSH is increased.
The patient is prescribed lifelong hormone replacement therapy. The dose of hormones is selected individually and adjusted for the general state, re-determining the level of gomons. In addition, the recommended nutrition with a low content of fat and carbohydrates. With full treatment, the clinical symptoms of hypothyroidism become less pronounced. The patient is fully restored performance.
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