Open garden gazebo
Materials for gazebos (for dimensions, use the drawing in the image below)
- 15 x 15 cm pillars of impregnated wood,
- 5 x 25 cm planks from impregnated wood,
- 5 x 15 cm planks from impregnated wood,
- boards 5 x 10 cm from impregnated wood,
- basis for pillars (4 pieces),
- wood screws (7 cm),
- 4 rail bolts with a diameter of 12 mm and a length of 25 cm.
- boards 2 x 15 cm for creating formwork,
- bars 3 x 3 cm for stakes,
- fi reinforcement bars,
- miter saw,
- ladder and scaffolding (optional),
- iron for concrete.
For large projects, planning ahead - This is the most important stage. The construction of the gazebo is no exception. We spent many hours thinking about what exactly we wanted to see on the courtyard, including the type of furniture, and how it will be located. As it turned out, these decisions influenced the final size and shape of the gazebo. We we decided to put in it a sectional sofa for the street, which can accommodate six or seven people.With the size of the sofa, we could make some sketches to determine how much space would be needed in the gazebo in width and depth, in case you need to put several chairs. We determined that a size of 3.2 x 4 m would provide the space we needed without undue crowding. Then we proceeded to the design of the arbor itself. There were many options, and we spent some time looking for / changing the design, which was to ensure the strength of the structure and not be overly elegant. I modeled the project in computer-aided design,but this was easily done with graph paper.
Preparation for concreting
I started by marking the area for concreting with stakes and cords. I placed the stakes so that they are about 30 cm from the corners on the outside. By doing so, I could remove the ground without worrying about cords. It is important to make sure that the perimeter is square by measuring its diagonals. Still need to align the cords on the level. I did it using the usual level, but it would have been easier to work with laser. Then I took about 30 cm of soil from the whole site. It gave me space for 18 cm of rubble and 12 cm of concrete.Having removed the extra soil, I installed the formwork around the perimeter. It was made of boards measuring 5 x 15 cm. I leveled them in height and arranged perpendicular to the surface of the earth. I wanted to have a 3-cm slope of the site, for this one side of the formwork had to be lowered by this amount. The formwork was fixed with screws 2.5 x 5 cm pegs, which I hammered into the ground. To provide electricity for the arbor, it was necessary to dig a narrow ditch from its edge to my garage. The depth of the moat varied from 45 to 60 cm. I ran a cable channel with a cable 2 mm in diameter from the garage along the edge of the site and brought it to the place where one of the gazebos should stand. Having finished work with the moat, I covered the site with rubble . It is important that the rubble is laid on the level, only in this way a uniform slab can be formed. Except for the corners where the pillars will be on which the main burden will rest. Here I made a dimple to make 15 cm of rubble and enlarge the concrete layer by 3 cm. Finally, install the reinforcing bar. It can be fastened with special clamps. My armature was 6 cm above the rubble. The space between the rods was 45 cm, and they were rounded at the corners.In addition to pouring, I strengthened the reinforcement with clamps.
Definitely, this was the most hectic stage. Because the mistakes made, then it will not be easy to fix. However, after doing a little research and watching a couple of videos on Youtube, I gained confidence that it was time to start. I calculated the amount of concrete mix that I needed.You can cook it yourself, but I stopped at the option of its delivery. If you order a ready mix, you will be asked questions about the technical qualities of concrete that you need. I explained the specifics of my project to a consultant of the company, and he helped me with the solution of this issue. The mixer truck could not drive up close to the site. Therefore, the solution had to be transported using a wheelbarrow. We started at one end and gradually switched to the other. Then we trimmed the surface with a rake at a distance of about 50 cm from the edges, and after that, using a long board of 5 x 10 cm, we leveled the entire surface. This technique makes the surface of the concrete smooth. After that, we worked with trowels. Gladilka - a tool that pushes small stones from the surface into the depths, making the concrete surface without flaws. Since the ground is on the street, and when wet, it should not become slippery, the surface had to be roughened. We did it with a conventional broom (with a long handle). When the surface froze enough to withstand the splashing of water from the hose, I wetted the pad and covered it with film for a couple of days. This technique slows down drying, but the site will become so strong. I was lucky that my father and brother helped me with this.Both had previously worked with concrete, which is very important, given the limited time to work with it. At this important stage, I recommend that you invite someone knowledgeable to help.
The construction of the arbor
Up to this point, a lot of time and money (and sweat) was spent only on a concrete pad. I was ready to start construction. I began by installing pillars with a galvanized bottom in the four corners of the site (5 cm from each edge) with the help of concrete anchors. One after another, the pillars fell into place. The metal base was bolted to the galvanized base pillars. After that, the pillars were leveled and temporarily fixed using boards and stakes. Then I bolted two carrier boards 5 x 25 cm between the front and rear pillars.Before doing this, I first fixed them with screws, and then drilled the holes for the bolts. Between the pillars I screwed the transverse beams, on which I placed the boards 5 x 25 cm, before fixing them. Later these crossbeams were removed. Then 2 x 15 cm planks were installed, which ran from the front to the back. These boards make up the first layer of the "grid". Before installing them on the supporting elements, the boards were cut to length and at the end were cut through the grooves. They are made in such a way that the transverse board is mounted on 5 cm on the carrier. I saw the options when the board just lies on the carrier, but with the help of the grooves the look is more accurate and the probability of deformation decreases. I noted the location of the grooves on the boards, so the work could be carried out on the ground. I made the cut with the miter saw. The process is very tedious, but the result is worth it. I additionally fixed the boards on the carrying boards, screwing in the screws on top. And finally, a similar process was required for the second row of boards. For these purposes, I used boards of 5 x 10 cm in size, making grooves in them, and securing them after installation with screws.
With a few improvements, the gazebo can be turned into an attractive place for street entertainment. The more attractive it is, the more you will use it.
Hanging lights.This is a must. They have a pleasant, warm glow that looks great at night.
High-quality furniture for the street.It will fall under the rain, sun rays, dirty paws of a dog ... If If you can afford it, purchase furniture with a high-quality fabric that will keep its original look for a long time.
Carpet.It will help to create the feeling that you are indoors. It is better to buy material that dries quickly.
Night cinema.On one side we hung a large sheet, and on the other we put a projector. Perfect for parties or family watching movies.
Grapes or climbing plant.We planted grapes near our gazebo.I began to adapt it so that it grew to the top, and later provided reliable protection from the direct rays of the sun.
Curtains.We haven't added them yet, but probably , soon we will do it. Our gazebo is directed to the east, so in the morning there is too much sun in it. Many options have been highlighted on the Internet, where people use shower curtains or simple fabric to solve a similar problem.
I hope this workshop will make you think about how to use your yard , and will give confidence in the construction of your own gazebo.
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