Why is Stalin Stalin?
The name of I. V. Stalin, who headed the USSR for almost 30 years (from the mid-1920s to 1953), is associated with a long and ambiguous period in the history of our country. This name is associated with the victory in the Great Patriotic War, the transformation of Russia from a backward peasant country into a country with advanced science and advanced industrial production, the emergence of atomic weapons as a protective and deterrent force. Also, mass political repressions, the practice of imprisonment and the physical destruction of dissenters and dissidents, the complete absence of freedom in all spheres of life are strongly associated with the name of Stalin.
But many people familiar with the story know that the real name of this person is not Stalin at all, but Dzhugashvili. Stalin is a political pseudonym. Why then is Stalin - Stalin?
Many Russian revolutionaries of the late XIX - early XX centuries. conducted political activities under pseudonyms. The most famous pseudonym is Lenin. The real surname of Lenin is Ulyanov (read the article Why Lenin Lenin).
The same Dzhugashvili had 22 aliases.And why Stalin was called precisely Stalin?
Why did Stalin take such a pseudonym
Historical sources that give a clear answer to this question does not exist. Historians can only guess. The most common versions are:
- Stalin is a translation from the Georgian into Russian surname Dzhugashvili. Indeed, in the old Georgian "juga" - steel, "shvili" - son. Literally Dzhugashvili - the son of steel.
- Many Russian revolutionaries chose Russian-speaking pseudonyms, showing their determination and firmness in the struggle for revolutionary ideals. In addition to Stalin, there were also, for example, Molotov (Scriabin), Kamenev (Rosenfeld).
- When choosing a pseudonym, Dzhugashvili was guided by the name of a real person - E. S. Stalin, a populist by conviction, the author of the Russian translation of the poem "The Knight in a Tiger's Skin".
Stalin was a pseudonym for extremely successful. He accurately describes the nature of his carrier (inflexibility and flexibility, like steel), is easily pronounced in any language, close to the pseudonym of the Bolshevik leader Lenin. It is not by chance that Dzhugashvili entered history not under his real last name, but under his own pseudonym.
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